What is the cost of diamonds or diamonds with 1 carat?
The price of diamonds is defined by the 4Cs: Carat, Colour, Clarity and Cut. The weight in carats is one of four factors that are used to determine the value of a diamond, but without knowledge of the other three, it is not very meaningful.
A concrete example: a diamond with 1.00 carat that just about falls within the "investment range" (i.e. it is of a high enough quality to be bought as an investment diamond) currently costs around €5,000 (1 ct, colour G, clarity VS1, cut VG, certificate GIA, without fluorescence). A diamond weighing 1 carat, also certified by GIA, in its highest quality (1 ct, colour D, clarity FL/IF, cut 3EX, without fluorescence) is at least €13,000 — without VAT.
The price differences are even more extreme if diamonds that are not of investment quality are also used as a comparison. Thus, 1 carat diamonds with strongly visible inclusions, which are clearly visible to the naked eye (I2-3/P2-3), a stronger yellow tint (K-Z) and only a good cut, are traded for a few hundred euros.
The question "What does a one-carat diamond cost?" cannot be answered simply. If you want to compare the prices of diamonds from different suppliers, you should always choose stones that have exactly the same 4Cs if possible. Only then is the comparison representative.
The shape of the cut also plays a role in the selling price, regardless of its quality. Round brilliant diamonds are always slightly more expensive than more exotic cut shapes, all other things being equal. Not because a different cut shape is worse or less beautiful per se; the demand is simply much higher for brilliant diamonds than for square shapes, for example.